Globus, also known as globus pharyngeus, is a sensation of a lump or foreign body in the throat that does not actually exist. It is a common condition that can be caused by a range of factors, including anxiety, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and muscle tension in the throat.
The exact cause of globus is not entirely understood, but it is believed to be related to a range of factors, including anxiety, GERD, muscle tension in the throat, and postnasal drip. Other less common causes may include thyroid disorders, tumors, and neurological conditions.
The main symptom of globus is a sensation of a lump or foreign body in the throat that does not actually exist. Other symptoms may include difficulty swallowing, throat clearing, and a feeling of tightness in the throat.
Diagnosing globus typically involves a physical examination of the throat, including an endoscopy or laryngoscopy to look for any physical abnormalities. Additional tests may be required, such as a barium swallow test or esophageal manometry, to assess the function of the esophagus.
Treatment for globus typically involves addressing the underlying cause of the condition. For example, if anxiety is the primary cause, cognitive behavioral therapy or medication may be recommended. If GERD is the cause, medications such as proton pump inhibitors may be prescribed to reduce acid reflux. Muscle relaxants or physical therapy may also be recommended to address muscle tension in the throat.
Preventing globus involves managing underlying conditions such as anxiety and GERD. It is also essential to avoid factors that may exacerbate symptoms, such as smoking and alcohol consumption.
In conclusion, globus is a common condition that can be caused by a range of factors, including anxiety, GERD, and muscle tension in the throat. Treatment typically involves addressing the underlying cause of the condition, and prevention involves managing underlying conditions and avoiding factors that may exacerbate symptoms. By understanding the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of globus, individuals can take steps to manage the condition and improve their quality of life.